js实现websocket断线重连功能

在项目开发中我们可能经常要使用websocket技术,当连接发生断线后,如果不进行页面刷新将不能正常接收来自服务端的推送消息。为了有效避免这种问题,我们需要在客户端做断线重连处理。当网络或服务出现问题后,客户端会不断检测网络状态,如果服务恢复,客户端则会自动重新连接,并断开本地检测网络的定时器。

一、未做断线检测情况

  • 1、项目效果

通过控制台可看到一旦连接关闭,将无法再次收到来自服务器的推送消息。

在这里插入图片描述

  • 2、未整改前代码

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>排队叫号系统</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="/app/admin/component/pear/css/pear.css" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="/app/admin/admin/css/reset.css" />
</head>
<style>
    html{
        font-size:14px
    }
    .pear-container{
        background-color: #0d48ff;
    //background-color: #2e6fff

    }

    *{
        color:white;

    }
    .layui-row{
        width: 100%;
    }
    body{
        position: absolute;
    }
    .call-footer {
        left: 0;
        bottom: 0;
        position: fixed;
        text-align: center;
        padding: 10px;
        font-size: 16px;
    }
    .call-header{
        display: flex;
        justify-content: space-between;
        line-height: 40px;
        text-align: center;
        border-bottom: 2px dashed #85b8b6;
    }
    .isemer{
        color: red;
    }
    .call-header>div{
        font-size: 30px;
        font-family: "楷体","YaHei Consolas Hybrid", Consolas, "微软雅黑", "Meiryo UI", "Malgun Gothic", "Segoe UI", "Trebuchet MS", Helvetica, "Monaco", courier, monospace;
        font-weight: 800;
    }
    #hd-logo>img{
        width: 200px;
    }
    #hd-title {
        font-size: 24px;
    }
    #hd-desc{
        font-size: 14px;
    }
    /*设置显示当前呼叫患者信息*/
    #call-place{
        height: 28px;
        text-align: center;
        line-height: 28px;
        font-size: 18px;
    //color: #6fc9cc;
        border-bottom: 2px dashed #85b8b6;
    }
    .dis-dept{
        display: flex;
        justify-content:flex-start;
        font-size: 28px;
        align-items: center;
    }
    .disp-title{
        display: flex;
        justify-content: center;
        align-items: center;
        text-align: center;
        padding-right:30px;
        border-right: 3px dashed #21f3ff;
        margin-top: 20px;
        min-width: 200px;
        height: 75vh;
    }
    .disp-title-content{
        flex:1;
        display: flex;
        justify-content: center;
        align-items: center;
        text-align: center;
        font-size: 120px;
        border: 10px solid #f8fff7;
        border-radius: 50%;
        line-height: 100%;
        width: 180px;
        height: 180px;
    }
    .disp-content{
        flex:1;
        display: flex;
        justify-content: center;
        align-items: center;
        height: 75vh;
        padding-left: 20px;
    }
    /*字体大小设置*/
    .dispc-text{
        font-size: 60px;

        overflow: hidden;


    }
    .layui-layer{
        z-index: 9999; /*保证在最上层*/
        background-color: rgba(0,0,0,0.5); /*背景半透明*/
    }

    @keyframes twinkle {
        0% {
            opacity: 0.9;

        }
        100% {
            opacity: 0.2;

        }
    }



</style>
<body class="pear-container">

<div class="layui-fluid" >
    <div class="row call-header">
        <div id="hd-logo"><img src="/app/admin/upload/files/20231128/656599ce1fd4.png" alt=""></div>
        <div id="hd-title">1号窗口</div>
        <div id="hd-desc">2023-11-28 15:00:00</div>
    </div>
    <div style="display: none" class="row" id="call-place">
        请C003号 王小宝到1号窗口采血
    </div>
    <div class="layui-row"  id="call-display">
        <div class="dis-dept">
            <div class="disp-title">
                <div class="disp-title-content"><?php echo $config['num'];?></div>
            </div>
            <div class="disp-content" id="disp-con-htm">
                <!--<marquee direction="up">-->
                <div class="dispc-text">尚未呼叫 <br></div>
                <!--</marquee>-->
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

</div>
<div class="layui-row call-footer" >
    请保持安静,耐心等待呼叫!
</div>

<script src="/app/admin/component/layui/layui.js"></script>
<script src="/app/admin/component/pear/pear.js"></script>
<script src="/app/admin/admin/js/common.js"></script>
<script src="/app/queue/component/tools.js"></script>
<script src="/app/queue/component/rpm2h5.js"></script>
<script>
    //=========定义显示时间功能结束===================
    function clock() {
        var time = new Date().toLocaleString();
        var htm = '<i class="fa fa-clock-o"></i>' + time;
        document.getElementById('hd-desc').innerHTML=htm;
    };
    setInterval("clock()", 1000);
</script>
<script>

    var socket = "";
    var token = "room"+readQueryVariable('id','1');
    console.log(token);
    // var isUpdate = readQueryVariable('isUpdate','0');
    //  var ws_url = "ws://192.168.40.100:7272?token="+token;
    var ws_url = "ws://192.168.40.100:7272?token="+token;
    var callMark = "就诊";

    layui.use(["table", "form", "common", "popup", "util","layer"], function() {
        let table = layui.table;
        let form = layui.form;
        let $ = layui.$;
        let common = layui.common;
        let util = layui.util;
        let layer = layui.layer;
        var loopTimes = 0 ;
        // 创建一个新的WebSocket对象
        var socket = new WebSocket(ws_url);
        // 连接打开时执行的函数
        socket.onopen = function(event) {
            console.log("已成功连接到服务器");
            // 发送一个消息给服务器
            //socket.send("你好,服务器!");
        };
        // 接收到服务器消息时执行的函数
        socket.onmessage = function(event) {
            loopTimes++;
            console.log("从服务器接收到的消息: " + event.data);

        };
        // 当连接关闭时执行的函数
        socket.onclose = function(event)
        {
            console.log("连接已关闭");
        };

        // 当出现错误时执行的函数
        socket.onerror = function(error) {
            console.log("发生错误: " + error);
        };

    })

</script>
</body>

二、做了断线检测情况

  • 1、重连效果

通过控制台观察可发现,在客户端连接成功后,可接收到服务端推送过来的消息,当服务端关闭后,会触发自动重连定时器,当定时器检测到服务连接成功后,会自动完成连接,并可正常接收来自服务端推送的消息。

在这里插入图片描述

  • 2、支持断线重连完整代码

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>排队叫号系统</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="/app/admin/component/pear/css/pear.css" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="/app/admin/admin/css/reset.css" />
</head>
<style>
    html{
        font-size:14px
    }
    .pear-container{
        background-color: #0d48ff;
    //background-color: #2e6fff

    }

    *{
        color:white;

    }
    .layui-row{
        width: 100%;
    }
    body{
        position: absolute;
    }
    .call-footer {
        left: 0;
        bottom: 0;
        position: fixed;
        text-align: center;
        padding: 10px;
        font-size: 16px;
    }
    .call-header{
        display: flex;
        justify-content: space-between;
        line-height: 40px;
        text-align: center;
        border-bottom: 2px dashed #85b8b6;
    }
    .isemer{
        color: red;
    }
    .call-header>div{
        font-size: 30px;
        font-family: "楷体","YaHei Consolas Hybrid", Consolas, "微软雅黑", "Meiryo UI", "Malgun Gothic", "Segoe UI", "Trebuchet MS", Helvetica, "Monaco", courier, monospace;
        font-weight: 800;
    }
    #hd-logo>img{
        width: 200px;
    }
    #hd-title {
        font-size: 24px;
    }
    #hd-desc{
        font-size: 14px;
    }
    /*设置显示当前呼叫患者信息*/
    #call-place{
        height: 28px;
        text-align: center;
        line-height: 28px;
        font-size: 18px;
    //color: #6fc9cc;
        border-bottom: 2px dashed #85b8b6;
    }
    .dis-dept{
        display: flex;
        justify-content:flex-start;
        font-size: 28px;
        align-items: center;
    }
    .disp-title{
        display: flex;
        justify-content: center;
        align-items: center;
        text-align: center;
        padding-right:30px;
        border-right: 3px dashed #21f3ff;
        margin-top: 20px;
        min-width: 200px;
        height: 75vh;
    }
    .disp-title-content{
        flex:1;
        display: flex;
        justify-content: center;
        align-items: center;
        text-align: center;
        font-size: 120px;
        border: 10px solid #f8fff7;
        border-radius: 50%;
        line-height: 100%;
        width: 180px;
        height: 180px;
    }
    .disp-content{
        flex:1;
        display: flex;
        justify-content: center;
        align-items: center;
        height: 75vh;
        padding-left: 20px;
    }
    /*字体大小设置*/
    .dispc-text{
        font-size: 60px;

        overflow: hidden;


    }
    .layui-layer{
        z-index: 9999; /*保证在最上层*/
        background-color: rgba(0,0,0,0.5); /*背景半透明*/
    }

    @keyframes twinkle {
        0% {
            opacity: 0.9;

        }
        100% {
            opacity: 0.2;

        }
    }



</style>
<body class="pear-container">

<div class="layui-fluid" >
    <div class="row call-header">
        <div id="hd-logo"><img src="/app/admin/upload/files/20231128/656599ce1fd4.png" alt=""></div>
        <div id="hd-title">1号窗口</div>
        <div id="hd-desc">2023-11-28 15:00:00</div>
    </div>
    <div style="display: none" class="row" id="call-place">
        请C003号 王小宝到1号窗口采血
    </div>
    <div class="layui-row"  id="call-display">
        <div class="dis-dept">
            <div class="disp-title">
                <div class="disp-title-content"><?php echo $config['num'];?></div>
            </div>
            <div class="disp-content" id="disp-con-htm">
                <!--<marquee direction="up">-->
                <div class="dispc-text">尚未呼叫 <br></div>
                <!--</marquee>-->
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

</div>
<div class="layui-row call-footer" >
    请保持安静,耐心等待呼叫!
</div>

<script src="/app/admin/component/layui/layui.js"></script>
<script src="/app/admin/component/pear/pear.js"></script>
<script src="/app/admin/admin/js/common.js"></script>
<script src="/app/queue/component/tools.js"></script>
<script src="/app/queue/component/rpm2h5.js"></script>
<script>
    //=========定义显示时间功能结束===================
    function clock() {
        var time = new Date().toLocaleString();
        var htm = '<i class="fa fa-clock-o"></i>' + time;
        document.getElementById('hd-desc').innerHTML=htm;
    };
    setInterval("clock()", 1000);
</script>
<script>

    var socket = "";
    var token = "room"+readQueryVariable('id','1');
    console.log(token);
    // var isUpdate = readQueryVariable('isUpdate','0');
    //  var ws_url = "ws://192.168.40.100:7272?token="+token;
    var ws_url = "ws://192.168.40.100:7272?token="+token;
    var callMark = "就诊";

    layui.use(["table", "form", "common", "popup", "util","layer"], function() {
        let table = layui.table;
        let form = layui.form;
        let $ = layui.$;
        let common = layui.common;
        let util = layui.util;
        let layer = layui.layer;
        var loopTimes = 0 ;
        function connectWS(){
            try{
                socket = new WebSocket(ws_url);
                // 连接打开时执行的函数
                socket.onopen = function(event) {
                    console.log("已成功连接到服务器");
                    // 发送一个消息给服务器
                    socket.send(token);
                };

                // 接收到服务器消息时执行的函数
                socket.onmessage = function(event) {
                    console.log("从服务器接收到的消息: " + event.data);
                };

                // 当连接关闭时执行的函数
                socket.onclose = function(event)
                {
                    console.log("连接已关闭");
                    reConnect();
                };

                // 当出现错误时执行的函数
                socket.onerror = function(error) {
                    console.log("发生错误: " + error);
                };

            }catch(ex){
                console.log(ex.message);

            }


        };
        // 调用链接socket函数
        connectWS();


        // 断线重新连接websocket
        function reConnect()
        {
            let timeId =  setInterval(function(){
                console.log("正在努力重连。。。");
                if(socket.readyState===WebSocket.CLOSED)
                {
                    connectWS();
                    // 重新连接成功后清除定时器
                    clearInterval(timeId);
                }
            },3000);

        }
    })
</script>
</body>

希望各位小伙伴们都能学会了!

相关推荐

  1. Js WebSocket类,收发Json,带心跳,线

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       23 阅读
  2. 支Vue3的WebSocket插件并支持线

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       31 阅读
  3. C# 通信线问题说明与示例

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       7 阅读
  4. ActiveMQ线技巧,即通信高可用的配置

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       22 阅读
  5. 如何在线后不加入音视频房间

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       32 阅读
  6. WebSocket实现私信功能

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       20 阅读

最近更新

  1. leetcode705-Design HashSet

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       8 阅读
  2. Unity发布webgl之后打开streamingAssets中的html文件

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       8 阅读
  3. vue3、vue2中nextTick源码解析

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       8 阅读
  4. 高级IO——React服务器简单实现

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       8 阅读
  5. 将图片数据转换为张量(Go并发处理)

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       7 阅读
  6. go第三方库go.uber.org介绍

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       8 阅读
  7. 前后端AES对称加密 前端TS 后端Go

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       9 阅读

热门阅读

  1. 自动化标准Makefile与lds

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       5 阅读
  2. ActiViz中的数据集vtkPolyData

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       5 阅读
  3. 数据库设计规范(三大范式)

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       6 阅读
  4. 第八章:k8s如何使用 Service 暴露你的应用

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       5 阅读
  5. 【Vue】创建vue3项目

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       6 阅读
  6. Python可视化概率统计和聚类学习分析生物指纹

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       4 阅读
  7. LeetCode //C - 1146. Snapshot Array

    2024-04-03 06:50:03       7 阅读