uc/OS移植到stm32实现三个任务


实践内容

学习嵌入式实时操作系统(RTOS),以uc/OS为例,将其移植到stm32F103上,构建至少3个任务(task):
其中两个task分别以1s和3s周期对LED等进行点亮-熄灭的控制;
另外一个task以2s周期通过串口发送“hello uc/OS! 欢迎来到RTOS多任务环境!”。记录详细的移植过程。

一、使用CubeMX创建工程

流程如下:
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同时我选择PA5和PA6作为后面实现周期性闪烁led接口。设置为Out_put。
在这里插入图片描述

在这里插入图片描述
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二、uc/OS移植

1.下载uc/OS源码后在文件夹中新建如下两个文件夹
在这里插入图片描述
2.并在BSP文件夹中新建两个空文件:bsp.c和bsp.h。
3.同时将COS文件夹中的以下文件复制到CONFIG中
在这里插入图片描述
4.再把这些文件夹复制到前面建好的工程文件夹中的MDK-ARM文件夹中去。
5.打开刚刚生成的keil文件
6.添加文件到项目中
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7.在这个界面中添加这几个文件夹名称然后对应的把文件夹中的全部文件依次添加到里面去。然后点击OK即可。

在这里插入图片描述
8.按照以下步骤进行添加文件路径
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在这里插入图片描述
注意!要把前面添加到工程中的文件夹路径全部添加上,不然就会报错找不到各种文件。
在这里插入图片描述

三、添加代码

1.添加bsp.c和bsp.h文件代码。

// bsp.c
#include "includes.h"

#define  DWT_CR      *(CPU_REG32 *)0xE0001000
#define  DWT_CYCCNT  *(CPU_REG32 *)0xE0001004
#define  DEM_CR      *(CPU_REG32 *)0xE000EDFC
#define  DBGMCU_CR   *(CPU_REG32 *)0xE0042004

#define  DEM_CR_TRCENA                   (1 << 24)
#define  DWT_CR_CYCCNTENA                (1 <<  0)

CPU_INT32U  BSP_CPU_ClkFreq (void)
{
    return HAL_RCC_GetHCLKFreq();
}

void BSP_Tick_Init(void)
{
	CPU_INT32U cpu_clk_freq;
	CPU_INT32U cnts;
	cpu_clk_freq = BSP_CPU_ClkFreq();
	
	#if(OS_VERSION>=3000u)
		cnts = cpu_clk_freq/(CPU_INT32U)OSCfg_TickRate_Hz;
	#else
		cnts = cpu_clk_freq/(CPU_INT32U)OS_TICKS_PER_SEC;
	#endif
	OS_CPU_SysTickInit(cnts);
}



void BSP_Init(void)
{
	BSP_Tick_Init();
	MX_GPIO_Init();
}


#if (CPU_CFG_TS_TMR_EN == DEF_ENABLED)
void  CPU_TS_TmrInit (void)
{
    CPU_INT32U  cpu_clk_freq_hz;


    DEM_CR         |= (CPU_INT32U)DEM_CR_TRCENA;                /* Enable Cortex-M3's DWT CYCCNT reg.                   */
    DWT_CYCCNT      = (CPU_INT32U)0u;
    DWT_CR         |= (CPU_INT32U)DWT_CR_CYCCNTENA;

    cpu_clk_freq_hz = BSP_CPU_ClkFreq();
    CPU_TS_TmrFreqSet(cpu_clk_freq_hz);
}
#endif


#if (CPU_CFG_TS_TMR_EN == DEF_ENABLED)
CPU_TS_TMR  CPU_TS_TmrRd (void)
{
    return ((CPU_TS_TMR)DWT_CYCCNT);
}
#endif


#if (CPU_CFG_TS_32_EN == DEF_ENABLED)
CPU_INT64U  CPU_TS32_to_uSec (CPU_TS32  ts_cnts)
{
	CPU_INT64U  ts_us;
  CPU_INT64U  fclk_freq;

 
  fclk_freq = BSP_CPU_ClkFreq();
  ts_us     = ts_cnts / (fclk_freq / DEF_TIME_NBR_uS_PER_SEC);

  return (ts_us);
}
#endif
 
 
#if (CPU_CFG_TS_64_EN == DEF_ENABLED)
CPU_INT64U  CPU_TS64_to_uSec (CPU_TS64  ts_cnts)
{
	CPU_INT64U  ts_us;
	CPU_INT64U  fclk_freq;


  fclk_freq = BSP_CPU_ClkFreq();
  ts_us     = ts_cnts / (fclk_freq / DEF_TIME_NBR_uS_PER_SEC);
	
  return (ts_us);
}
#endif

// bsp.h
#ifndef  __BSP_H__
#define  __BSP_H__

#include "stm32f1xx_hal.h"

void BSP_Init(void);

#endif

四、修改代码

按照图片更改成图片中代码
1.修改startup… 代码

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3.修改app_cfg.h代码
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4.修改includes.h
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5.修改lib_cfg.h
在这里插入图片描述
6.修改usart(同时加上头文件#include"stdio.h")

/* USER CODE BEGIN 1 */
int fputc(int ch,FILE *f){
	HAL_UART_Transmit(&huart1,(uint8_t *)&ch,1,0xffff);
	return ch;
}
/* USER CODE END 1 */

7.修改gpio.c(添加初始化PA5,PA6)

void MX_GPIO_Init(void)
{

  GPIO_InitTypeDef GPIO_InitStruct = {0};

  /* GPIO Ports Clock Enable */
  __HAL_RCC_GPIOC_CLK_ENABLE();
  __HAL_RCC_GPIOD_CLK_ENABLE();
  __HAL_RCC_GPIOA_CLK_ENABLE();

  /*Configure GPIO pin Output Level */
  HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA, GPIO_PIN_5, GPIO_PIN_RESET);
	HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA, GPIO_PIN_6, GPIO_PIN_RESET);


  /*Configure GPIO pin : PC13|PA3 */
  GPIO_InitStruct.Pin = GPIO_PIN_5|GPIO_PIN_6;
  GPIO_InitStruct.Mode = GPIO_MODE_OUTPUT_PP;
  GPIO_InitStruct.Pull = GPIO_NOPULL;
  GPIO_InitStruct.Speed = GPIO_SPEED_FREQ_LOW;
  HAL_GPIO_Init(GPIOA, &GPIO_InitStruct);
	HAL_GPIO_Init(GPIOA, &GPIO_InitStruct);
}

8.修改main

/* USER CODE END Header */
/* Includes ------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#include "main.h"
#include "gpio.h"
#include "usart.h"
/* Private includes ----------------------------------------------------------*/
/* USER CODE BEGIN Includes */
#include <includes.h>
/* Private define ------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* USER CODE BEGIN PD */
/* ????? */
#define START_TASK_PRIO		3
#define LED0_TASK_PRIO		4
#define MSG_TASK_PRIO		5
#define LED1_TASK_PRIO		6

/* ??????	*/
#define START_STK_SIZE 		96
#define LED0_STK_SIZE 		64
#define MSG_STK_SIZE 		64
#define LED1_STK_SIZE 		64

/* ??? */	
CPU_STK START_TASK_STK[START_STK_SIZE];
CPU_STK LED0_TASK_STK[LED0_STK_SIZE];
CPU_STK MSG_TASK_STK[MSG_STK_SIZE];
CPU_STK LED1_TASK_STK[LED1_STK_SIZE];

/* ????? */
OS_TCB StartTaskTCB;
OS_TCB Led0TaskTCB;
OS_TCB MsgTaskTCB;
OS_TCB Led1TaskTCB;

/* USER CODE END PD */

/* Private macro -------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* USER CODE BEGIN PM */

/* USER CODE END PM */

/* Private variables ---------------------------------------------------------*/

/* USER CODE BEGIN PV */

/* ?????? */
void start_task(void *p_arg);
static  void  AppTaskCreate(void);
static  void  AppObjCreate(void);
static  void  led_pa5(void *p_arg);
static  void  send_msg(void *p_arg);
static  void  led_pa6(void *p_arg);
/* USER CODE END PV */

/* Private function prototypes -----------------------------------------------*/
void SystemClock_Config(void);
/* USER CODE BEGIN PFP */

/* USER CODE END PFP */

/* Private user code ---------------------------------------------------------*/
/* USER CODE BEGIN 0 */
/**
  * @brief System Clock Configuration
  * @retval None
  */
void SystemClock_Config(void)
{
  RCC_OscInitTypeDef RCC_OscInitStruct = {0};
  RCC_ClkInitTypeDef RCC_ClkInitStruct = {0};

  /**Initializes the CPU, AHB and APB busses clocks 
  */
  RCC_OscInitStruct.OscillatorType = RCC_OSCILLATORTYPE_HSE;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.HSEState = RCC_HSE_ON;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.HSEPredivValue = RCC_HSE_PREDIV_DIV1;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.HSIState = RCC_HSI_ON;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLState = RCC_PLL_ON;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLSource = RCC_PLLSOURCE_HSE;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLMUL = RCC_PLL_MUL9;
  if (HAL_RCC_OscConfig(&RCC_OscInitStruct) != HAL_OK)
  {
    Error_Handler();
  }
  /**Initializes the CPU, AHB and APB busses clocks 
  */
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.ClockType = RCC_CLOCKTYPE_HCLK|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_SYSCLK
                              |RCC_CLOCKTYPE_PCLK1|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_PCLK2;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.SYSCLKSource = RCC_SYSCLKSOURCE_PLLCLK;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.AHBCLKDivider = RCC_SYSCLK_DIV1;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.APB1CLKDivider = RCC_HCLK_DIV2;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.APB2CLKDivider = RCC_HCLK_DIV1;

  if (HAL_RCC_ClockConfig(&RCC_ClkInitStruct, FLASH_LATENCY_2) != HAL_OK)
  {
    Error_Handler();
  }
}

/* USER CODE END 0 */

/**
  * @brief  The application entry point.
  * @retval int
  */
int main(void)
{
	OS_ERR  err;
	OSInit(&err);
  HAL_Init();
	SystemClock_Config();
	//MX_GPIO_Init(); ???BSP??????????
  MX_USART1_UART_Init();	
	/* ???? */
	OSTaskCreate((OS_TCB     *)&StartTaskTCB,                /* Create the start task                                */
				 (CPU_CHAR   *)"start task",
				 (OS_TASK_PTR ) start_task,
				 (void       *) 0,
				 (OS_PRIO     ) START_TASK_PRIO,
				 (CPU_STK    *)&START_TASK_STK[0],
				 (CPU_STK_SIZE) START_STK_SIZE/10,
				 (CPU_STK_SIZE) START_STK_SIZE,
				 (OS_MSG_QTY  ) 0,
				 (OS_TICK     ) 0,
				 (void       *) 0,
				 (OS_OPT      )(OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CHK | OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CLR),
				 (OS_ERR     *)&err);
	/* ???????,?????uC/OS-III */
	OSStart(&err);            /* Start multitasking (i.e. give control to uC/OS-III). */
               
}


void start_task(void *p_arg)
{
	OS_ERR err;
	CPU_SR_ALLOC();
	p_arg = p_arg;
	
	/* YangJie add 2021.05.20*/
  BSP_Init();                                                   /* Initialize BSP functions */
  //CPU_Init();
  //Mem_Init();                                                 /* Initialize Memory Management Module */

#if OS_CFG_STAT_TASK_EN > 0u
   OSStatTaskCPUUsageInit(&err);  	                
#endif
	
#ifdef CPU_CFG_INT_DIS_MEAS_EN			
    CPU_IntDisMeasMaxCurReset();	
#endif

#if	OS_CFG_SCHED_ROUND_ROBIN_EN  		
	 //???????????,??????1???????,?1*5=5ms
	OSSchedRoundRobinCfg(DEF_ENABLED,1,&err);  
#endif		
	
	OS_CRITICAL_ENTER();	//?????
	/* ??LED0?? */
	OSTaskCreate((OS_TCB 	* )&Led0TaskTCB,		
				 (CPU_CHAR	* )"led_p5", 		
                 (OS_TASK_PTR )led_pa5, 			
                 (void		* )0,					
                 (OS_PRIO	  )LED0_TASK_PRIO,     
                 (CPU_STK   * )&LED0_TASK_STK[0],	
                 (CPU_STK_SIZE)LED0_STK_SIZE/10,	
                 (CPU_STK_SIZE)LED0_STK_SIZE,		
                 (OS_MSG_QTY  )0,					
                 (OS_TICK	  )0,					
                 (void   	* )0,					
                 (OS_OPT      )OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CHK|OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CLR,
                 (OS_ERR 	* )&err);		

/* ??LED1?? */
	OSTaskCreate((OS_TCB 	* )&Led1TaskTCB,		
				 (CPU_CHAR	* )"led_pa6", 		
                 (OS_TASK_PTR )led_pa6, 			
                 (void		* )0,					
                 (OS_PRIO	  )LED1_TASK_PRIO,     
                 (CPU_STK   * )&LED1_TASK_STK[0],	
                 (CPU_STK_SIZE)LED1_STK_SIZE/10,	
                 (CPU_STK_SIZE)LED1_STK_SIZE,		
                 (OS_MSG_QTY  )0,					
                 (OS_TICK	  )0,					
                 (void   	* )0,					
                 (OS_OPT      )OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CHK|OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CLR,
                 (OS_ERR 	* )&err);										 
				 
	/* ??MSG?? */
	OSTaskCreate((OS_TCB 	* )&MsgTaskTCB,		
				 (CPU_CHAR	* )"send_msg", 		
                 (OS_TASK_PTR )send_msg, 			
                 (void		* )0,					
                 (OS_PRIO	  )MSG_TASK_PRIO,     	
                 (CPU_STK   * )&MSG_TASK_STK[0],	
                 (CPU_STK_SIZE)MSG_STK_SIZE/10,	
                 (CPU_STK_SIZE)MSG_STK_SIZE,		
                 (OS_MSG_QTY  )0,					
                 (OS_TICK	  )0,					
                 (void   	* )0,				
                 (OS_OPT      )OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CHK|OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CLR, 
                 (OS_ERR 	* )&err);
				 
	OS_TaskSuspend((OS_TCB*)&StartTaskTCB,&err);				 
	OS_CRITICAL_EXIT();	
}

static  void  led_pa5 (void *p_arg)
{
  OS_ERR      err;

  (void)p_arg;

  BSP_Init();                                                 /* Initialize BSP functions                             */
  CPU_Init();

  Mem_Init();                                                 /* Initialize Memory Management Module                  */

#if OS_CFG_STAT_TASK_EN > 0u
  OSStatTaskCPUUsageInit(&err);                               /* Compute CPU capacity with no task running            */
#endif

  CPU_IntDisMeasMaxCurReset();

  AppTaskCreate();                                            /* Create Application Tasks                             */

  AppObjCreate();                                             /* Create Application Objects                           */

  while (DEF_TRUE)
  {
		HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA,GPIO_PIN_5,GPIO_PIN_RESET);
		OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 1, 0,OS_OPT_TIME_HMSM_STRICT,&err);
		HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA,GPIO_PIN_5,GPIO_PIN_SET);
		OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 1, 0,OS_OPT_TIME_HMSM_STRICT,&err);
    /* USER CODE END WHILE */

    /* USER CODE BEGIN 3 */
  }
  /* USER CODE END 3 */
}

static  void  led_pa6 (void *p_arg)
{
  OS_ERR      err;

  (void)p_arg;

  BSP_Init();                                                 /* Initialize BSP functions                             */
  CPU_Init();

  Mem_Init();                                                 /* Initialize Memory Management Module                  */

#if OS_CFG_STAT_TASK_EN > 0u
  OSStatTaskCPUUsageInit(&err);                               /* Compute CPU capacity with no task running            */
#endif

  CPU_IntDisMeasMaxCurReset();

  AppTaskCreate();                                            /* Create Application Tasks                             */

  AppObjCreate();                                             /* Create Application Objects                           */

  while (DEF_TRUE)
  {
		HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA,GPIO_PIN_6,GPIO_PIN_RESET);
		OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 3, 0,OS_OPT_TIME_HMSM_STRICT,&err);
		HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA,GPIO_PIN_6,GPIO_PIN_SET);
		OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 3, 0,OS_OPT_TIME_HMSM_STRICT,&err);
    /* USER CODE END WHILE */

    /* USER CODE BEGIN 3 */
  }
  /* USER CODE END 3 */
}

static  void  send_msg (void *p_arg)
{
  OS_ERR      err;

  (void)p_arg;

  BSP_Init();                                                 /* Initialize BSP functions                             */
  CPU_Init();

  Mem_Init();                                                 /* Initialize Memory Management Module                  */

#if OS_CFG_STAT_TASK_EN > 0u
  OSStatTaskCPUUsageInit(&err);                               /* Compute CPU capacity with no task running            */
#endif

  CPU_IntDisMeasMaxCurReset();

  AppTaskCreate();                                            /* Create Application Tasks                             */

  AppObjCreate();                                             /* Create Application Objects                           */

  while (DEF_TRUE)
  {
			printf("hello uc/OS!»¶Ó­À´µ½RTOS¶àÈÎÎñ»·¾³! \r\n");
		OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 2, 0,OS_OPT_TIME_HMSM_STRICT,&err);
    /* USER CODE END WHILE */

    /* USER CODE BEGIN 3 */
  }
  /* USER CODE END 3 */
}


/* USER CODE BEGIN 4 */

static  void  AppTaskCreate (void)
{
  
}



static  void  AppObjCreate (void)
{

}

/* USER CODE END 4 */

/**
  * @brief  This function is executed in case of error occurrence.
  * @retval None
  */
void Error_Handler(void)
{
  /* USER CODE BEGIN Error_Handler_Debug */
  /* User can add his own implementation to report the HAL error return state */

  /* USER CODE END Error_Handler_Debug */
}

#ifdef  USE_FULL_ASSERT
/**
  * @brief  Reports the name of the source file and the source line number
  *         where the assert_param error has occurred.
  * @param  file: pointer to the source file name
  * @param  line: assert_param error line source number
  * @retval None
  */
void assert_failed(uint8_t *file, uint32_t line)
{ 
  /* USER CODE BEGIN 6 */
  /* User can add his own implementation to report the file name and line number,
     tex: printf("Wrong parameters value: file %s on line %d\r\n", file, line) */
  /* USER CODE END 6 */
}
#endif /* USE_FULL_ASSERT */

/************************ (C) COPYRIGHT STMicroelectronics *****END OF FILE****/


五、实践结果

在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述

六、参考文章

STM32F103C8T6移植ucOS并构建三个任务
STM32F103C8移植uCOSIII(HAL库)

七、总结

本次实践学习到了关于如何将uc/OS其移植到stm32F103上。

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